The Effect of Organizational Structure, Leadership Style & Job Satisfaction on Employee Performance. Study Based on Higher Educational Institutions
Leadership is a quite complex phenomenon involving the leader, certain followers, and the particular situation. Moreover, leadership is consists of a diversified leadership style.
Purpose: The research aimed to have significant results in relation with principals and teachers in Higher Educational Institutions of Punjab, Pakistan regarding the leadership styles of Principals. Leadership styles covered in this study are transformational leadership, transactional leadership, and laissez-fair leadership concerning job satisfaction and employee performance. Organizational structure was used as a moderator to see its impact on job satisfaction and employee performance.
Design/methodology: All public and private colleges teachers were targeted to fill questioner survey. Surveys through different means send to the teachers were more than 600 but responses collected were 400+ that become 378 after data cleaning. P-value, regression, ANOVAs, Cranach alpha, etc were applied to check the significance level.
Findings: The finding shows that laissez- leaders have insignificant relation with job satisfaction and employee performance rather than others.
Practical implication: The research findings help organizations especially higher educational institutions. Transformational leaders should be appointed to increase the employee job satisfaction level which will ultimately lead to improved employee performance levels in an organization. Transactional leaders have the second ultimate positive impact on job satisfaction.