Green SCM: End To End Analysis Of Post-Consumer Recycled & Recycled PET Supply Chain In Developing And Emerging Markets

  • Muhammad Jiyad Shaikh Department of Public Administration University of Karachi, Pakistan.
  • Husna Khan Dow Institute of Health Management, Pakistan.
  • Mustafa Hyder Assistant Professor Department of Public Administration University of Karachi, Pakistan.
Keywords: PET (polyethylene terephthalate), SDGs (Sustainable Development Goals), PCA(principal component analysis), PPMA(Pakistan Plastic Manufacturers’ Association), MFA(Material flow analysis), GHG (greenhouse gases), MSV (municipal solid waste)


This research study is based on the end-to-end analysis for continuous sourcing of quality and quantity of rigid plastic material for Recycled P.E.T while addressing challenges and barriers in the recollection process as compared to the Virgin P.E.T for environmental sustainability. This study focuses on formalizing the sourcing strategy of Recycled P.E.T water bottles of Mehran Plastic Private Limited in the FMCG sector of Karachi due to its massive environmental degradation, the release of toxic emissions in the marine ecosystem, unfavorably affecting the human lives and development of New Plastics Economy, based on the patterns of circular economy, across the different cities of Pakistan.

The current scenario of the global and local packaging industry has been provided in the initial chapter with the systematic review of literature shedding light on plastic packaging in the circular economy, integration of reverse logistics to manage plastic waste, closing the loop of Recycled P.E.T, international standards of quality aspects of recycling P.E.T material, various recycling practices in South Asian Region (SAR) and the response of companies to the global commitment of creating waste-free economy.

In the continuance of the study, the results and discussion part focuses on the Recycled P.E.T scenario in Pakistan, mechanical recycling of P.E.T bottles, and the sourcing strategy to remanufacture the new bottles from the post-consumer water bottles in terms of sourcing channels, resource efficiency, collection hubs, costs, quantity and quality as compared to Virgin P.E.T, through reverse logistics system, for development of continuous end-to-end recycling chain of Recycled P.E.T in a sustainable manner; moving the economy towards the adoption of green supply chain management practices.